What's the choke valve

A choke valve is a type of valve designed to create a choked flow in a fluid line in an automobile. The viscosity of the fluid passing through the valve is irrelevant in understanding how the mechanism works. The rate of flow is determined only by the ambient pressure on the upstream side of the valve.

In automotive contexts, a choke valve modifies the air pressure in the intake manifold of an internal combustion engine, thereby altering the ratio of fuel and air quantity entering the engine. Choke valves are generally used in naturally aspirated engines with carburetors to supply a richer fuel mixture when starting the engine. Most choke valves in engines are butterfly valves mounted in the manifold above the carburetor jet to produce a higher partial vacuum, which increases the fuel draw.

In heavy industrial or fluid engineering contexts, a choke valve is a particular design of valve that raises and lowers a solid cylinder (called a "plug" or "stem") which is placed around or inside another cylinder that has holes or slots. The design of a choke valve means fluids flowing through the cage are coming from all sides and that the streams of flow (through the holes or slots) collide with each other at the center of the cage cylinder, thereby dissipating the energy of the fluid through "flow impingement". The main advantage of choke valves is that they can be designed to be totally linear in their flow rate.

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